Prostate cancer is a cancerous (malignant) tumor in the prostate gland, a small walnut-sized gland in men that makes seminal fluid, which helps carry sperm out of the body. Prostate cancer — one of the most common kinds of cancer in men — can spread beyond the prostate gland and be life threatening.
However, most cancerous tumors in the prostate tend to grow slowly and either do not spread or cause harm for decades. When caught early, prostate cancer can be treated successfully in more than 90% of cases. Men 50 years old and older should be regularly screened for prostate cancer.
This information is provided by Dr. Navneet Sharda as an educational source. It is not intended as a substitute for a consultation with a qualified healthcare provider.
Sign and Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
Many people with prostate cancer have no symptoms at all, especially in the early stages.
Dr. Sharda discusses symptoms that may indicate prostate cancer:
The American Cancer Society recommends men have annual screening tests for prostate cancer starting at age 50. “Two standard tests are used for early detection of prostate cancer”, states Navneet Sharda, MD.
If either the DRE or PSA test suggests the possible presence of cancer, the following tests will be performed to make a definite diagnosis:
If the biopsy shows the presence of cancer, you may need more tests to see if the cancer has spread:
There are several options for treating prostate cancer, depending on how rapidly the cancer is growing, whether it has spread, how old you are, and the benefits and drawbacks to treatment.
If prostate cancer is detected early, treatment usually involves either surgical removal of the prostate or radiation therapy. For more advanced cases of prostate cancer, or if cancer spreads beyond the prostate, hormone medications may be used.
There are two main types of cancer treatment: local therapy (type of treatment that either removes or destroys the cancer cells) and systemic therapy (treatment that involves medication that is administrated in various ways such as orally or intravenously).
Surgery: This is a local type of therapy and is recommended in early stages of cancer that can remove the whole prostate, prostatectomy, or part of the prostate transurethralresection of the prostate (TURP).
There are three types of prostatectomies:
In this form of treatment, radiation is used to kill cancer cells. There are two types of radiation therapy:
The main side effects of radiation therapy are: impotence, urination problems (frequent urination, burning on urination, stronger urge to urinate), bowel problems, and rectum soreness.
Chemotherapy Chemotherapy is not a common treatment option for prostate cancer. However, it is used for advanced forms or recurrent cancer that did not respond to other types of treatment.
Hormone Therapy Hormone therapy is also known as androgen deprivation or suppression therapy and focuses on reducing the level of male hormones in the body. The majority of prostate cancer cases are hormone sensitive because tumors require male hormones to grow. A reduced level of androgen (male hormone) causes the prostate to shrink and have a slower growth process. This type of treatment is effective in treating early cancer stages and high grade tumors. Also, hormone therapy is available as a treatment option:
There are three types of hormone therapy available for prostate cancer treatment:
Acupuncture may provide relief from side effects of orchiectomy (removal of the testes). Studies also support the use of acupuncture for the pain that often occurs when cancer has spread beyond the prostate (particularly to the bones). A National Institutes of Health statement released in 1997 also supports the use of acupuncture to alleviate nausea associated with chemotherapy.
Evidence suggests acupuncture can be a valuable therapy for cancer-related symptoms (particularly nausea and vomiting that often accompanies chemotherapy treatment). Studies have also indicated that acupuncture may help reduce pain and shortness of breath. Acupressure (pressing on rather than needling acupuncture points) has also proved useful in controlling breathlessness and is a technique that patients can learn and then use to treat themselves.
Massage and Physical Therapy
Studies suggest that massage reduces stress and boosts immune function, so it may help relieve anxiety for men undergoing treatment for prostate cancer.
Pelvic floor exercises — the repetitive use of muscles that start and stop the flow of urine — may help decrease incontinence caused by prostatectomy (removal of the prostate).
To schedule a consultation with Dr. Navneet Sharda call 702-547-2273.
Oncologist Navneet Sharda, MD is the medical director of Cancer Care Center. For more than a decade Cancer Care Center has been specializing in treatment of various types of cancers like multiforme, meningioma, tonsil, tongue, laryngeal, parotid, neck, lung, breast, lymphoma, non hodgkins lymphoma, hodgkins disease, hodgkins lymphoma, skin cancer, melanoma, esophageal, gastric, pancreatic, colon, renal, kidney, ovarian, sarcoma, uterine cancer, cervical cancer, vaginal, brain, breast, vulvar cancer, bone metastasis, bone,osteosarcoma, endometrial cancercarcinoma, tumor, malignant and cancerous Cancers. We offer threapy like chemotherapy, radiotherapy, radiation therapy, radiation oncology, oncology, oncologist, immunotherapy, brachy therapy, stereotactic radio surgery, IMRT, intensity modulated radiation therapy, conformal therapy, anaplasticastrocytoma,gioblastoma.